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Fake News: What is Fake News?

What is "fake news"?

Fake news sources deliberately publish hoaxes, misinformation, and propaganda designed to deceive readers for the purpose of political and/or financial gain. Fake news sources often follow design conventions of reputable news media sites to make the story seem more credible, making them more likely to be shared on social media. 

Source: Hunt, Elle. "What is fake news? How to spot it and what you can do to stop it." The Guardian, 17 December 2016.

Here are some different types of "fake news":

Imposter News Sites
These websites are designed to look like legitimate sites and incorporate some facts into their stories, but the articles are false. They are an attempt to convince readers to pass the news on as if it were true. These fake news sites get revenue from the ads you see on the page, so the more they get you to share -- the more money they make.

WITscience . 

Real News Right Now . 

Satire websites not really "fake news." They are usually topical sites that are meant to be humorous, not to deceive the reader.  The stories are not real news.

The Onion  

McSweeny's . 

Clickbait and Hoaxes
These websites also have bits of true stories but make up other details to create an emotional response, typically anger or fear. They often feature outrageous headlines in capital letters and use inflammatory language.

The Daily Sheeple  

REALfarmacy . 

--  Portions of this Guide were shared with us by the generous librarians at Harrisburg Area Community College.